The history of Middle East dates back to Biblical times where it became the centre of issues and world affairs. For over 600 years, the Ottoman Empire ruled the major portion of Middle East and Eastern Europe. The Middle East countries were formed after the World War I when the Ottoman Empire was defeated by the British Empire and their allies. Owing to the plethora of biblical sites, traditional values, religion and culture, Middle East countries have gained popularity in the tourism sector over the past few decades.
Given below are the three spots to experience the magic of the Middle East
Jordan is an Arab country situated on the East Bank of Jordan River. In the year 1948, it was officially named ‘’The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan’’. The 2014 Human Development Report classified Jordan as a country of ‘High Human Development’.
The people of Jordan are very friendly and are known for treating visitors with a lot of hospitality. The official language of Jordan is Arabic and English is widely spoken throughout the country.
Religion, art and culture play a significant role in Jordan. The Jordan National Gallery of Fine Arts is a popular art museum in Amman, the capital city of Jordan. Jordan is a land steeped with deep history and offers many tourist attractions comprising ancient monuments, religious sites, seaside locations and natural reserves. Jordan also organizes health, education, culture and shopping tourisms.
Petra, Umm Qais, Muwakir, Madaba, Aqaba, The Dead Sea and Wadi Rum are some of the major enchanting tourist attractions in Jordan.
Israel is situated at the south-eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea. In the year 1948 Israel was officially entitled “State of Israel”. Jerusalem is the capital of Israel and the most populous city in the country. Hebrew and Arabic are the official languages of Israel.
Israel has a diverse culture stemming from the Jewish diaspora communities across the world that carried their culture and traditions back with them creating a plethora of Jewish customs and beliefs. Israel follows the Hebrew calendar.
Israel has a slew of museums, historical and religious places that are thronged by visitors every year who plunge themselves into the history of these attractions. The country is known to have the highest number of museums per capita in the world, attracting thousands of visitors every year. The Israel museum is the most popular museum in the country with the Dead Sea Scrolls being an important source of attraction.
Masada, Eilat, Tel Aviv, Jerusalem, Sea of Galilee, Caesarea National Park and Baha’i Gardens are some of the top tourist attractions for people choosing to holiday in Israel.
Egypt officially called ‘Arab Republic of Egypt’ is the only contiguous Eurafrasian nation in the world. The official language of Egypt is Arabic.
Egypt has a deep-rooted history associated with it dating back 5000 years when the land was ruled by Pharaohs. The Pharaohs left behind a large number of monuments and temples, many of which have remained major tourist attractions till date.
The ancient Egyptian pyramids are very popular in the country with the Great Pyramid of Giza being the top most attraction. It is the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the World and fantastic for photography lovers.
The Karnak temple, Luxor temple, Abu Simbel temples, Temple of Edfu and Hatshepsut are famous temples in Egypt.
Dahab, Egyptian Museum, River Nile Cruise, naama bay and Al-Azhar Park are some of the other popular tourist attractions in Egypt.